Good day! This is Colton Dillion, co-founder of Hedgehog, the crypto robo-adviser that makes it easy to keep your portfolio diversified while managing it all in one place. Give us a try for yourself, available on both Google Play and the App Store.

Today, we explore the influential metric known as the Sharpe Ratio. This measure is useful to both retail investors and institutional investors who want to assess risk-adjusted returns for more volatile assets. So, with that goal in mind, let's level up our inner metrician and unlock the power of the Sharpe Ratio.

Named after its creator, Nobel laureate William F. Sharpe, the Sharpe Ratio a statistical tool that quantifies the risk-adjusted return of an investment or portfolio. This metric enables investors to gauge the excess return generated per unit of risk taken: that means we consider both return, or how much our money grew, and volatility, how often and how quickly the price changed from day to day. Just like you want to get more bang for your buck, we’re trying to get more return for every off-day where we might have to withdraw at a loss. The Sharpe Ratio provides a comprehensive assessment of investment performance, factoring in the level of risk involved.

The formula for calculating the Sharpe Ratio is relatively straightforward. It involves subtracting the risk-free rate of return from the investment's average return, and then dividing the result by the standard deviation of the investment's returns. The resulting figure represents the excess return per unit of risk taken, where a higher Sharpe Ratio indicates a more favorable risk-adjusted return.

This is because a higher Sharpe Ratio implies a better risk-adjusted performance, as the investment generated a higher excess return relative to its volatility, or price movement. Conversely, a lower Sharpe Ratio suggests that the investment has underperformed compared to its risk level.

The risk-free rate plays a crucial role in the calculation of the Sharpe Ratio. It represents the hypothetical return an investor would earn by investing in a risk-free asset, such as Treasury bonds; they’re risk-free to the extent that if the US government were to default on its debts such that your bonds became worthless, the world would have much bigger problems than your investment returns.The risk-free rate serves as a benchmark against which investors measure the excess return earned by taking on additional risk.

If you want to see the calculation for yourself Forbes has this breakdown:

Sharpe Ratio = (Rp – Rf) / Standard deviation

Rp is the expected return (or actual return for historical calculations) on the asset or the portfolio being measured.

Rf is the risk-free rate, which is often a U.S. Treasury bill of short maturity. However, some analysts suggest that the Treasury used should be of similar duration to the investment(s).

Standard deviation is a measure of risk based on volatility. The lower the standard deviation, the less risk and the higher the Sharpe ratio, all else being equal. Conversely, the higher the standard deviation, the more risk and the lower the Sharpe ratio.

The market risk premium is represented by the (Rp – Rf) part of the formula. This is the excess return above the risk-free rate.

Quick Hits

Steady lads! Judge dismisses asset freeze for while negotiations continue between the SEC and Binance. Binance argued that a freeze would be devastating to their business and the judge agreed.

u/Pbjclimbing on c/Cryptocurrency highlights the true open source wallets versus those who are not. Soon you will be able to track all of these on the Hedgehog mobile application. Just sayin!

Hinman documents unsealed and used in the Ripple case. The statement of the former SEC director indicates that they do not consider Ethereum and Bitcoin as securities and by association XRP should not either.


Answer the question of the week for a chance to win three of these prizes:

  • insulated stainless steel water bottle with Hedgehog logo
  • official Hedgehog team baseball cap
  • snazzy Hedgehog socks
  • cozy Hedgehog hoodie
  • comfy Hedgehog baseball tee

What is a notable offbeat movie from your childhood? Writing about the Sharpe Ratio, I was reminded about The Point, narrated by Ringo Starr. Reply to this email with your story and you'll be entered in the giveaway.

Keep hedging,